Corn and Calluses are commonly seen in persons who use ill-fitted shoes resulting in chronic friction and giving pressure to underneath skin. Tight shoes, high heel shoes or using shoes without socks also other causative factors for development of Corn and Calluses. Athlete doing bare – footed practice may also get corn or callus.
What is a Corn
Corn is a circular and rough dead tissue which is often painful on giving pressure. Three types of corn may be seen viz.
- Hard corn – seen of top of little toe or top of other toes.
- Soft corn – seen in the gap between two toes. They are soft, reddish colored and painful on touching.
- Seed type – painful dead tissues often seen on the heels of feet.
Callus is usually larger than corn and they are ill-defined. Usually callus is seen on soles of feet and on bony prominence. Initially there is no pain but later pain is developed in callus.
Persons having deformities like bunion or hammer toes are more prone to develop corn and callus.
Persons suffering from Diabetes Mellitus, Peripheral vascular disease, Neurogenic disorders and having low body immunity when develop corn or callus, they often get infected and they are difficult to treat.
- Sometimes warts look similar to corn. Warts are produced by Human Papilloma Virus infection.
– Infection by bacteria to a corn is a possibility, particularly in diabetic persons.
Treatment : how to remove corn
Most important is to find out the causative factor for development of corn or callus and to remove it.
Once cause of pressure and friction is removed the corn or callus slowly regresses and gradually disappears.
Now a day miscellaneous items are available on pharmaceutical market to cure the corn viz. Corn cap, corn plaster, Salicylic acid ointment. A person suffering from corn or callus should consult doctor first to know what would be useful for him or her.
Surgical treatment – removing the dead tissue and subsequent care to prevent to get any pressure or friction usually gives good result. In diabetic patient blood sugar status must be kept under control preferably by using insulin and appropriate antibiotics to get the desired result.
By Laser surgery corn and calluses may be removed in a painless way.
Persons having bunion or hammer toes deformity should use specially prepared shoes for them. Persons getting recurrent corn should use specially prepared or designed shoes as advised by chiropodist.
Pumice stone used in many houses for foot care can be used in managing for reducing the size of corn or callus by gentle rubbing
Some popular Aurvedic and home remedies are listed below :
- Application of Onion juice
- Application of Garlic juice
- Applicaion of white Vinegar
- Application of Lemon juice
- Application of green papaya juice
- Applying mixture of honey and turmeric
- Applying Soda